According to the creator Dwight Merriman, the name of the database was derived from the word ‘humongous’ to serve the idea of supporting large amount of data. Merriman & Horrowitz helped form 10GenInc. in 2007 to commercialize MongoDB and its related software’s. The company was renamed to MongoDB Inc. in 2013.
This database is a document database with flexibility and scalability required for all the querying and indexing. Instead of using tables and rows which is the case in relational databases, MongoDB is constructed on architecture of collections and documents. These documents comprise of sets of key value pairs and serve as the basic unit data in MongoDB. On the other hand, collection contains sets of documents and functions as equivalent of relational database tables.